Tag Archives: linux

Kernel 4.4.4-Kogaion

I have read on the Serban Stanescu‘s site the procedure he followed to install Kogaion.

I think I already six days since I struggled with the wireless using methods unexpected even for me as I had no idea what I was doing but I wrote here: http://www.gnulinux.ro/b43-in-kogaion/

Anyway, in the few days I caught drag this operating system. Moves. Turns harder on me because deh, old architecture but … it works pretty well even.

Installation was simple:

  • ISO Download from here
  • Loaded / written using a stick RUFUS
  • On the laptop using USB boot (BOOT setting in the BIOS menu – I went to using F12 immediately after you start the computer but can vary)
  • Live version starts (you can tell if you have problems with different hardware – My work is not Wi-Fi)
  • Calamares installed using the installer (if this does not work for you, you can try to start the CLI as root Calamares)
  • User kogaion have kogaion as password and root password is root – su will require the root password.
  • You should set the computer where they are (here as Europe / Bucharest)
  • You should set the keyboard (usually I leave them default here because I have not ever seen keyboards in Romanian)
  • You have to decide the structure of the disk (partition)
  • You must set a user name and password for it with a password for root
  • Follow and read SUMMARY  – list of changes
  • RUN INSTALLATION – actual changes to the system
  • The  install process ended – Kogaion installed – The computer must be restarted.

For a better organization of your files always set your /home folder on a different partition, dedicated, separated from the root filesystem.

In this way the resettlement of any other operating system (linux based OS), if you use the same user and the same / home partition without formatting all configuration settings will be there.

Kogaion presented from the above ISO version uses the 3.14 kernel.

Right now there are currently implementing tests for kernel 4.4 kernel on which I have installed over 3.14 and is in testing and on my test station.

It seems that 4.4 is stable enough and will be used in versions of Kogaion stable.

In search of a OS.

I am one of those who prefer to work at a computer a great time. I do not like to buy computers / new laptops without upgrading the old ones  and be sure that I have done my maximum to those who were faithful until recent times.
That is why we have multiple devices, each with a certain age, some older, some newer but none fresher than 3 years :).

The equipment in question are:

Laptop – Dell Inspiron 1501 – purchased in 2007

Laptop – Dell Latitude D630 – received for use in 2008 and acquired in 2014

EE-PC – Asus – acquired in 2010

Desktop – HP Compaq dc5700 PC

My problem is that … they’re getting old and all recent operating systems make them make true fans of hurricanes and speeds leave desirable for most of them.

As I said initially:

I am looking for an operating system!

Debian – How to delete files older than X days

Hey, recently I have wondered what is the CLI command that I have to use in order to delete all the files older than X days. Using a debian server I have to use a linux command to do that.

I have discovered that I have to use the “find” command to filter those files first and then select them to delete.

Command Sintax:

find /path/to/files* -mtime +5 -exec rm {} \;

This searches for files older than 5 days in the mentioned folder and delete them all.


The first argument is the path to the files. This can be a path, a directory, or a wildcard as in the example above. I would recommend using the full path, and make sure that you run the command without the exec rm to make sure you are getting the right results.
The second argument, -mtime, is used to specify the number of days old that the file is. If you enter +5, it will find files older than 5 days.
The third argument, -exec, allows you to pass in a command such as rm. The {} \; at the end is required to end the command.

This should work on Ubuntu, Suse, Redhat, or pretty much any version of linux.

HackeD By Dr.SHA6H | Fuck All Site


I do not know how many of you had it … but It happened to me. I recently found two sites that were done on WordPress platform and who were on the same server affected by a Dr.SHA6H. Who is it, and what he does in his spare time … does not really matter, the fact is that the two sites continued to display the text “Hacked by Dr.SHA6H | Fuck All Site” and the content of those sites were inaccessible.

On one of these sites I tried to fix it by reading the files in it. I found something in header.php, functions.php and footer.php. I tried to remove the extra code and I could not get rid of the error. I searched the database and found that it was damaged and trying to fix it, I ruined the structure of it. Finally for this site, I had it  fixed by reinstalling a new database and recovery of the remains of the old one.

For the second site I said to ask ‘friend’ Google if someone has been affected and published how to fix this. I have found something useful here and it helped me a lot to fix on the second one.

I have found a widget that I disabled in the Appearence—->Widgets.

I have found Site Title changed and I recovered it from Settings—->General.

I have found UTF7 instead of UTF8 and I restored into Settings—–>Reading.


That was it. The site is now up … unharmed …

I hope it will be useful to you … but it’s better to not need … right?



Scribus – UBUNTU

Scribus is an desktop open source page layout program with the aim of producing commercial grade output in PDF and Postscript, primarily, though not exclusively for Linux.

While the goals of the program are for ease of use and simple easy to understand tools, Scribus offers support for professional publishing features, such as CMYK color, easy PDF creation, Encapsulated Postscript import/export and creation of color separations.
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Image Editor – UBUNTU

Windows equivalent : Adobe Photoshop, Paint.Net

Ubuntu equivalent : GIMP

Basic GIMP

GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free software raster graphics editor. It is primarily employed as an image retouching and editing tool and is freely available in versions tailored for most popular operating systems including Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X, and GNU/Linux. It has layering abilities like Photoshop.

In addition to detailed image retouching and free-form drawing, GIMP can accomplish essential image editing tasks such as resizing, editing, and cropping photos, photomontages combining multiple images, and converting between different image formats. GIMP can also be used to create basic animated images in the GIF format.

GIMP’s product vision is that GIMP is, or will become, a free software high-end graphics application for the editing and creation of original images, icons, graphical elements of web pages and art for user interface elements.

sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras
Access it through Applications → Graphics → GIMP Image Editor.

GIMP Paint Studio

GIMP Paint Studio (GPS) is a package with a collection of brushes and accompanying tool presets for GIMP aimed at improving the capabilities in drawing and painting using GIMP. GPS provides a wide range of tools for graphic designers and digital artists: different shadowing pencil brushes (graphite, 2B, 6B, etc), pen brushes (BIC pen, sketching pen), oil brushes and other presets for airbrushing, using the ink tool, smudging, etc.

To add the PPA and install GIMP Paint Studio in Ubuntu (install GIMP first), use the following commands on the terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:shnatsel/gimp-paint-studio
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gimp-paint-studio

Gimp Painter adds some color blending and line smoothing features:

It is not a separate package, but a whole patched GIMP.

To install Gimp Painter from terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mizuno-as/gimp-painter
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Microsoft Visio – UBUNTU

DIA LogoMicrosoft Visio is a diagram program for Microsoft Windows that uses vector graphics.
An application program that replaces the open source operating system is DIA.
Dia can be used to create several types of diagrams and flowcharts. She has special objects to make relationships between models (tedia2sql can be used to create SQL DDL), Unified Modeling Language (UML) diagrams, flowcharts, network diagrams, and simple electrical circuits. It is also possible to add support for new shapes by writing simple XML files, using a subset of Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) to draw final form.
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